Lipids are diverse natural organic molecules, whose common feature is a lipophilic character and, therefore, a very low solubility in water. They include fatty acids, monoacylglycerols, diacylglycerols, triacylglycerols, phospholipids, sterols and their esters, carotenoids, the vitamin E group, and others. In terms of energy, lipids are among the three richest nutrients (1 g lipid equals 37 kJ or 9 kcal of energy) and are considered a key nutrient – gradually showing significant effects on the human body (1). They are a source of essential fatty acids and liposoluble vitamins (A, D, E, K); fatty acids are a source of cell energy and a component of cell membranes. Fats act as a taste carrier: increasing its softness and sensory texture (1). In Mana Powder and Mana Drink, we use the following as a lipid source: rapeseed oil, sea algal oil, sunflower oil, coconut oil, linseed oil, soy lecithin and lipids that are part of oat fiber and soy protein.

Fatty acids are the basic representative of lipids, and from the perspective of human nutrition are essential. They are divided into categories according to their degree of (un)saturation – the content of double bonds in their structure (SFA for saturated and UFA for unsaturated fatty acids). SFAs are fatty acids without double bonds. Unsaturated fats contain at least one double bond, molecules with a higher degree of unsaturation are common. We call molecules containing only one double bond a monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), and the term PUFA means polyunsaturated fatty acids with two or more double bonds. The presence of double bonds in the molecules of fatty acids is also related to the concepts of cis and trans. Both are used to designate the spatial arrangement of the alkyl substituents on the double bond of organic molecules which affect their physico-chemical properties, and hence the physiological characteristics. Undesirable trans-UFAs are not present in Mana Powder or Mana Drink but, at the same time, they contain the necessary cis-UFAs.

Saturated fatty acids are classified according to the length of carbon chain: short (3-7 carbons), medium length (8-13), long (14-20) and very long (21 and over). Unsaturated fatty acids are also divided according to chain length: short (19 atoms), long (20 to 24 atoms) or very long (25 or more carbon atoms).

Polyunsaturated fatty acids can be classified according to the position of the first double bond in the chain (2). In terms of human nutrition, there are important groups of these substances – omega-3, having the first double bond at the third; and omega-6 with a double bond on the sixth terminal carbon of the aliphatic chain. Essential fatty acids include linoleic acid (LA), belonging to omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (1). Another very important group of fatty acids are omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (1), which are richly included in Mana Powder and Mana Drink.

Algal lipids contain unsaturated fatty acids DHA and EPA, which contribute to normal heart function, with a daily intake of 250 mg. With this daily intake, DHA also contributes to the maintenance of normal brain function and the maintenance of normal vision. 5 servings of Mana Powder or Mana Drink supply 1150 mg of these two acids, of which 1105 are DHAs. The effects of PUFAs on humans have been studied in detail (1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9).

Mana Powder and Mana Drink also contains unsaturated fatty acid – alpha-linolenic acid, which contributes to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels (10).

We recommend consuming Mana as part of a balanced and varied diet and a healthy lifestyle. Mana is suitable for all healthy adults.

Average lipid content in our products:

1 serving of Mana Powder / Mana Drink contains:

• 20 g of fats

• of which 2 g is saturated 

• of which 11,8 / 11,6g  is monounsaturated

• of which 5,3 / 5,2 g is polyunsaturated

• of which 1,4 g omega-3 fatty acids

• 221 mg of DHA (docosahexaenoic acid)

• 9 mg of EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid)

• 1026 mg / 1014 mg of ALA (alpha-linolenic acid)


  1. FAO (2010) Fats and fatty acids in human nutrition Report of an expert consultation, FAO Food and Nutrition Paper No. 91 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome.
  2. Gunstone, F.D. 1999. Fatty acid structure. In F.D. Gunstone, J.L. Harwood and F.B. Padley, eds. The Lipid Handbook, pp. 1-19. Second Edition, Chapman and Hall, London, UK.
  3. Burr M L et al (1989) Effects of changes in fat, fish, and fibre intakes on death and myocardial reinfarction: diet and reinfarction trial (DART). Lancet, 2(8666): 757-761.
  4. Gissi Hf (2008) Effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in patients with chronic heart failure (the GISSI-HF trial): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet, 372: 1223-1230.
  5. Mozaffarian D a Rimm  E B (2006) Fish intake, contaminants, and human health: evaluating the risks and the benefits. JAMA, 296(15): 1885-1899.
  6. Yokoyama M et al (2007) Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid on major coronary events in hypercholesterolaemic patients (JELIS): a randomised open-label, blinded endpoint analysis. Lancet, 369(9567): 1090-1098.
  7. Cetin I a Koletzko B (2008) Long-chain omega-3 fatty acid supply in pregnancy and lactation. Curr. Opin. Clin. Nutr. Metab. Care, 11(3): 297-302.
  8. Decsi T a Koletzko B (2005) N-3 fatty acids and pregnancy outcomes. Curr. Opin. Clin. Nutr. Metab. Care, 8(2): 161-166.
  9. Helland I B et al (2008) Effect of supplementing pregnant and lactating mothers with n-3 very-long-chain fatty acids on children’s IQ and body mass index at 7 years of age. Pediatrics, 122(2): e472- 479.
  10. EFSA panel on NDA, EFSA Journal 7(2009)1252, available online at: