Palatinose (or isomaltulose) is a disaccharide composed of fructose and glucose units. Its chemical name is 6-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-D-fructose. This disaccharide is made from beetroot and is produced biotechnically by using microorganism. During this process, the microorganism enzyme apparatus rearranges the bond between glucose and fructose. This new formed binging between fructose and glucose is more stable than the binding of sucrose. Palatinose differs from sucrose in its nutritional and physiological properties. Palatinose has soft and sweet taste and have a very low glycemic index value of 32.

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